What it is
The Foundation for the spread of the knowledge and Customs Law is an international private law entity, non profitable body, recognized in this sense by the State, as well as the public interests of its means.
It is registered in the Ministry of Education and it was created in April 2010 with the objective of develop and promote the training, education and the investigation in the area of international trade and Customs Law, the spread and development of good custom practices and the creation of high studies programs related to Customs Law and international trade.
The history of Customs
Since the Sumerian City-States had stopped being self-sufficient (2.500 B.C.), it started the exchange of products between them and, later, they started importing and exporting their extra goods or those where they were specialized. They opened the first offices in charge of control this commerce and make people pay, first of all payment in kind and, later, in cash (bronze, silver, gold, etc.), the “rights” or taxes.
Sumeria, Asiria, Greece, used these taxes to have some incomes in the Royal Treasury. Troya, what nowadays is Turkey, was recognized as the Helesponto representative in the commerce between the Aegean Sea and Ponto Euxino.
About the importance of the customs taxes Aristoteles said that the ordinary incomes of the Greek States where just patrimonial, about the consumerism and the customs, and he also said that the Greek State obtained its highest incomes due to customs importations.
When in Rome, the “portorium” in 580 B.C and, even more, Momsem assures that the customs tax was created when the Ostia Bridge was being built by King Anco Marcio.
During many years, there were many customs lines inside the organization of the State. In Spain, there were partially abolished by the Catholic Kings and, definitely, by Phillipe fiveth.
Nowadays, 4.500 years later the Sumerian City-States had stablished the first raisings in the exchange of goods, the Customs are still being a fundamental figure of the States. Their continuous updating is the best guarantee of their utility and, while Sovereign States continue existing, it will always be essential to have authorities in charge of perform fiscal and economic policies related to the international trade, what means Customs.